Originally home to Luca Pitti, a wealthy Florentine banker, Palazzo Pitti was also home to the Medici at one point. Leonor de Toledo, Cosimo I de Medici’s wife, bought the property from the Pitti family in 1549, turning it into the main family residence. The Medici commissioned archtitects to finish construction on the Palazzo and by 1570 the two side wings, the courtyard and the gardens were concluded.
Around 1830 the current residents added La Meridiana, a small palace at the back of Palazzo Pitti which gives onto the beautiful gardens. At one point, Palazzo Pitti became the residence of Napoleon Bonaparte. At present the palace is the headquarters of some important museums, including the Palatine Gallery, the Royal Apartments, the Silver Museum and the Gallery of Modern Art. The Porcelain Museum is located in the Boboli Gardens, which stretch at the rear of the Pitti Palace and the Costume Gallery is inside La Meridiana. Among the artists represented here are Anton Van Dyck , Botticcelli, Caravaggio, Diego Velázquez, Giorgio Vasari, Guido Reni, Peter Paul Rubens, and Raffaello.